Sunday, December 8, 2013

Exploration and Conquest of the New World to 1600 AD.

[this is a work in progress]

Pre-history - Beringia Theory puts African, Asian and Arabian Peninsula Travelers in the New World 4000+ years ago.

1000 - Leif Ericson discovers his brother, and also Thorfinn Karlsefni at L'Anse aux Meadows discover Vinland (New England).

1313 - Abu Bakr II of Mali in Africa may have made a voyage to the New World.
1398 - The Venetian Zeno Brothers and a Prince, "Zichmni" possibly reached America.

1432 - Portuguese navigators discovered the Azores
1445 - Dinis Dias sails the west coast of Africa
1456 - Cape Verde islands are explored by Portuguese
1470 - Portuguese begin African exploration
1488 - Bartholomeu Dias of Portugal sails from the Iberian Peninsula to the south of Africa.
1492 - October 12. Columbus discovers the New World.
1493 - First war between Americans (Carib) and Europeans (Christopher Columbus) fought at Salt River Bay, St. Croix. Christopher Columbus retreats back to his ships after losing.
1497 - John Cabot lands in Newfoundland, beginning the British colonial presence in North America.
1498 - Columbus on third voyage discovers South America.
1499 :Alonzo de Ojeda explores Columbia and Venezuela

1500 - Vicente Pinzon and Juan Dias de Solis discover Brazil
1501 - Amerigo Vespucci explores the coast of South America
1500 - Rodrigo de Bastidas and Juan de la Cosa discover Panama
1506 - Columbus dies at Valladolid.
1507 - New World named after Americus Vespucius.
1508 - Juan Dias de Solis explores Argentina
1513 - Balboa discovers the Pacific Ocean and Ponce de Leon discovers Florida.
1516 - Juan Dias de Solis explores Uruguay
1519 - Alonso Álvarez de Pineda sails from Florida to Mexico, mapping the gulf coast along the way.
1519 -1521. Cortez conquers Mexico.
1519 -1522 Magellan sails round the world.
1523 - Pánfilo de Narváez became governor of Florida but died after dealing with a Hurricane, Attacks by Americans, and Disease.
1524 - Verrazano and Gomez explore New England coast.
1528 - Panfilo de Narvaez conquers Cuba and explores Florida,
1528 - Alvar Cabeza de Vaca explores Texas, Arizona and New Mexico
1531 - Francisco Pizarro explores Peru
1532 - Francisco Pizarro invades and loots the Incan Empire
1533 - Pizarro conquers Peru.
1534 - Cartier sails up the St. Lawrence to Quebec and Montreal.
1534 - Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca, explores from the Sabine River to the Gulf of California.
1540 - Francisco Vázquez de Coronado explores south-western North America,
1540 - Discovery of the Grand Canyon by Garcia Lopez de Cardenas,
1540 - Francisco de Orellana explores Amazon River
1541 - Francisco Vásquez de Coronado explores Kansas
1542 - Hernando de Soto discovers the Mississippi River,
1559 - Tristan de Luna explores North America
1562 - John Hawkins sails to Africa
1563 - Francisco de Ibarra explores New Mexico
1565 - Admiral Pedro Menéndez de Avilés founds St. Augustine, Florida the first Spanish settlement in the New World, and is the oldest continuously occupied European settlement in the continental United States.
1576 Sir Martin Frobisher explores Baffin Bay and the Hudson Strait
1577 Sir Francis Drake circumnavigates the world - December 13 1577 to September 26 1580
1579. Drake explores coast of California.
1584. Sir Walter Raleigh sends first expedition to America.
1585 Sir Walter Raleigh establishes the Roanoke colony
1588. Defeat of the Spanish Armada.
1593 Sir Richard Hawkins travels to the South Pacific
1595 Sir Walter Raleigh seeks golden city of El Dorado in South America, Cornelis de Houtman discovers Sea Route to Indonesia
1598 Juan de Archuleta explores Colorado

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